Academic Referencing Tool (ART)
The Harvard referencing style is also known as the author date system because of the requirement to cite both the author and publication date in your paper. It has two main features:
- In-text citations: when you refer to another author's work you must cite your source by providing the last name(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication.
- The reference list: which appears at the end of your assignment and includes a full description of each source you have cited, listing them in alphabetical order by the author's last name.
This guide will provide you with detailed examples and style notes of how to cite material using this style. Unfortunately, there is no definitive version of Harvard available. The version that appears in the Academic Referencing Tool is often referred to as, AGPS Harvard, and it is based on the Style manual for authors, editors and printers 2002, 6th edn, John Wiley, Milton, Qld.
NOTE - Changes to this Referencing style
The Harvard (AGPS) manual recommends that you use single quotation marks around any direct quote that you use in your essay. However the Turnitin services recognises only the text enclosed in Double Quotation marks as a direct quote. Therefore, if you have the opportunity to use Turnitin, all direct quotes should be enclosed in double quotation marks. In this Referencing Tool we have tried to be consistent, so we have presented all Harvard and Footnoting direct quote examples within double quotation marks.