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Medieval Music Database

Musica son - Ciascun vuol - Gia furon

Triple-texted madrigal by Francesco Landini


Florence: Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Palatino 87 (Squarcialupi Codex), fol. 121v-122 (3/3); Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Panciatichiano 26, fol. 89v-90 (3/3);
London: British Library, Additional 29987, fol. 9v-10 (3/3).


1. Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, edited by Friedrich Blume, 16 vols, Kassel and Basel: BSrenreiter, 1949 ff, plate 3 Abb.2 (Fl87).
2. The Manuscript London, British Museum Add. 29987, facsimile edition by Gilbert Reaney, [n.p.]: American Institute of Musicology, 1965. Musicological Studies and Documents 13, (Lo).
3. Il codice musicale Panciatichi 26 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Firenze, facsimile edition by F. Alberto Gallo, Florence: Leo S. Olschki Editore, 1981, no. 160 (FP).
4. Il Codice Squarcialupi edited by F. Alberto GALLO, Lucca: Libreria Musicale Italiana, 1992.


1. GANDOLFI, Riccardo. Illustrazioni d'alcuni cimeli concernenti l'arte musicale in Firenze, Florence: La Commissione per L'Esposizione di Vienna, 1892, no. XV.
2. D'ANCONA, Paolo. La miniatura fiorentina (sec. XI-XVI), Florence: Olschki, 1914, no. LIV.
3. SCHERING, Arnold. Studien zur Musikgeschichte der Frnhrenaissance, Leipzig: C.F. Kant Nachfolger, 1914, p. 58.
4. LUDWIG, F. 'Die geistliche nichtliturgische, weltliche einstimmige und die mehrstimmige Musik des Mittelalters bis zum Anfang des 15. Jahrhunderts', Handbuch der Musikgeschichte, edited by G. Adler, Vol. I, Frankfurt am Main: Frankfurter Verlag, 1924, p. 287.
5. Scelta di musiche per lo studio della storia, edited by Andrea Corte, 2nd edition, Milan: Ricordi, 1939, p. 213.
6. The Works of Francesco Landini, edited by Leonard Ellinwood, Cambridge/Massachusetts: The Mediaeval Academy of America, 1939, p. 26.
7. Der Squarcialupi-Codex Pal. 87 der Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana zu Florenz, edited by Johannes Wolf and H. Albrecht, Lippstadt: Kistner and Siegel, 1955, p. 197.
8. The Works of Francesco Landini, edited by Leo Schrade, Monaco: Editions de L'Oiseau-Lyre, 1958. Polyphonic Music of the Fourteenth Century IV, p. 213.
9. GARFORTH, Constance C. The Lo Manuscript: A Trecento Collection, Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University: 1983.
10. GOZZI, Marco. Il Manoscritto Londra, British Library, Additional 29987 2 vols, dissertation, Cremona, Scuola di paleografia e filologia musicale, University of Pavia: 1984-1985.
11. Francesco Landini. 'Musica son' for 3 voices or instruments, edited by Bernard Thomas, London: London Pro Musica Edition, 1989. Early Music Library 161.

Text Editions

CORSI, Giuseppe. Poesie musicali del Trecento, Bologna: Commissione per i testi di lingua, 1970, p. 129.


1. WOLF, Johannes. 'Florenz in der Musikgeschichte des 14. Jahrhunderts', SammelbSnde der internationale Musikgesellschaft, III (1901), p. 616.
2. LUDWIG, F. 'Die geistliche nichtliturgische, weltliche einstimmige und die mehrstimmige Musik des Mittelalters bis zum Anfang des 15. Jahrhunderts', Handbuch der Musikgeschichte, edited by G. Adler, Vol. I, Frankfurt am Main: Frankfurter Verlag, 1924, pp. 285-291.
3. LI GOTTI, Ettore and Nino PIRROTTA. Il Sacchetti e la tecnica musicale del Trecento italiano, Florence: Sansoni, 1935, p. 53.
4. ELLINWOOD, Leonard. 'Francesco Landini and his music', Musical Quarterly, XXII (1936), p. 194.
5. LI GOTTI, Ettore. La poesia musicale italiana del secolo XIV, Palermo: Palumbo, 1944, pp. 79-80.
6. ELLINWOOD, Leonard. 'The Fourteenth Century in Italy', [chapter 2 of] The New Oxford History of Music. III. Ars Nova and the Renaissance, edited by Dom Anselm Hughes and Gerald Abraham, London: Oxford University Press, 1960, pp. 54, 60.
7. BECHERINI, Bianca. 'Antonio Squarcialupi e il codice mediceo-palatino 87', L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento I: Certaldo 1959, 1962, p. 176.
8. BECHERINI, Bianca. 'L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento. Strumenti ed espressione musicale', L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento I: Certaldo 1959, 1962, p. 55.
9. FELLIN, Eugene C. A Study of Superius Variants in the Sources of Italian Trecento Music: Madrigals and Cacce, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin: 1970, passim.
10. FISCHER, Kurt von. 'Musica e societa nel Trecento italiano', L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento III: Certaldo 1969, 1970, p. 21.
11. FISCHER, Kurt von. 'Zum Wort-Ton Problem in der Musik des italienischen Trecento', Festschrift Arnold Geering zum 70. Geburtstag, Bern-Stuttgart: P. Haupt, 1972, p. 58.
12. GALLO, F. Alberto. Il Medioevo, Vol. II, Turin: Edizioni di Torino, 1977. [English translation as Music of the Middle Ages, vol. II, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985], p. 69.
13. FELLIN, Eugene C. 'The notation-types of Trecento music', L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento IV: Certaldo 1975, 1978, pp. 211-224.
14. HOPPIN, Richard H. Medieval Music, New York: W. W. Norton, 1978, pp. 457-458.
15. BAUMANN, Dorothea. Die dreistimmige italienische Lied-Satztechnik im Trecento, Baden-Baden: Valentin Koerner, 1979. Sammlung musikwissenschaftlicher Abhandlung no. 64, passim.
16. WILKINS, Nigel. Music in the Age of Chaucer, Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1979. Chaucer Studies I, pp. 59-60.
17. FISCHER, Kurt von. 'Sprache und Musik im italienischen Trecento: Zur Frage einer Frnhrenaissance', Musik und Text in der Mehrstimmigkeit des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts, edited by U. Gnnther and L. Finscher, Kassel: BSrenreiter: 1984, p. 42.
18. CILIBERTI, Galliano. Prodizione, consumo e diffusione della musica in Italia nel tardo medioevo, Perugia: Centro di Studi Musicali in Umbria, 1989, p. 9.


Music of the Time of Boccaccio's Decameron, Musica Reservata, directed by John Beckett: Philips 802904.


Musica son che mi dolgo, piangendo.
veder gli effetti mie dolci e perfetti
lasciar per frottol i vaghi intelletti.

PerchT ignoranza e vizio ogn'uom costuma.
lasciasi 'l buon e pigliasi la schiuma.

Ciascun vuol inarrar musical note.
e compor madrial, cacce, ballate.
tenendo ognor le sue autenticate.

Chi vuol d'una virt· venire in loda
conviengli prima giugner a la proda.

Gia furon le dolcezze mie pregiate
da cavalier, baroni e gran signori:
or sono 'mbastarditi e genti cori.

Ma i' Musica sol non mi lamento.
ch'ancor l'altre virt· lasciate sento.


I am Music, and tearfully complain
of seeing interested minds forsake my sweet and perfect
for trifling street-songs.

Everyone is getting so used to ignorance and vice
that they reject what's good and go for the scum.

Everyone wants to wrestle with musical notes
and compose madrigals, hunting songs, ballads;
each one claiming artistic authenticity for his own.

But whoever wants to be praised for any of his accomplishments
must first reach his goal.

Once my endearments were praised
by knights, barons and great lords:
now noble hearts are corrupted.

But I, Music, am not complaining alone:
I hear that the other Virtues have also been forsaken.

Text revision and translation © Giovanni Carsaniga

Content Approved by: MMDB Director
Last updated: Wednesday, 19 March 2003

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