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Medieval Music Database

Agnel son biancho e vo belando, be

Two-voice madrigal by Giovanni da Cascia


Florence: Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Palatino 87 (Squarcialupi Codex), fol. 1 (2/2); Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Panciatichiano 26, fol. 48v-49 (2/2); San Lorenzo, Archivio Capitolare 2211 [palimpsest], fol. 16v-17;
Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, fonds italien 568, fol. 18v-19 (2/2); Bibliothèque Nationale, fonds nouv. acq. français 6771 (Reina Codex), fol. 12v (2/2);
Parma: Biblioteca Palatina, Parmense 1081, fol. 92 (text).


1. GANDOLFI, Riccardo. Illustrazioni d'alcuni cimeli concernenti l'arte musicale in Firenze, Florence: La Commissione per L'Esposizione di Vienna, 1892, plate VII (Fl87).
2. Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, edited by Friedrich Blume, 16 vols., Kassel and Basel: Bärenreiter, 1949 ff, p. 1099 (Fl87).
3. Il codice musicale Panciatichi 26 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Firenze, facsimile edition by F. Alberto Gallo, Florence: Leo S. Olschki Editore, 1981, no. 90 (FP).
4. Il Codice Squarcialupi edited by F. Alberto GALLO, Lucca: Libreria Musicale Italiana, 1992.


1. WOLF, Johannes. 'Florenz in der Musikgeschichte des 14. Jahrhunderts', Sammelbände der internationale Musikgesellschaft, III (1901), p. 633 (Fl87).
2. The Music of Fourteenth Century Italy, edited by Nino Pirrotta, Amsterdam: American Institute of Musicology, 1954. Corpus Mensurabilis Musicae 8/I, p. 7 (Fn26).
3. Der Squarcialupi-Codex Pal. 87 der Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana zu Florenz, edited by Johannes Wolf and H. Albrecht, Lippstadt: Kistner and Siegel, 1955, p. 3.
4. Italian Secular Music by Magister Piero, Giovanni da Firenze and Jacopo da Bologna, edited by W. Thomas Marrocco, Monaco: Editions de L'Oiseau-Lyre, 1967. Polyphonic Music of the Fourteenth Century VI, p. 22.

Text Editions

CORSI, Giuseppe. Poesie musicali del Trecento, Bologna: Commissione per i testi di lingua, 1970, p. 11.


1. GANDOLFI, R. 'Di una ballata con musica del secolo XIV', La nuova musica, I/12 (1896), p. 1.
2. WOLF, Johannes. 'Florenz in der Musikgeschichte des 14. Jahrhunderts', Sammelbände der internationale Musikgesellschaft, III (1901), p. 610., p. 633.
3. SCHERING, Arnold. Studien zur Musikgeschichte der Frührenaissance, Leipzig: C.F. Kant Nachfolger, 1914.
4. LUDWIG, F. 'Die geistliche nichtliturgische, weltliche einstimmige und die mehrstimmige Musik des Mittelalters bis zum Anfang des 15. Jahrhunderts', Handbuch der Musikgeschichte, edited by G. Adler, vol. I, Frankfurt am Main: Frankfurter Verlag, 1924, p. 282.
5. LI GOTTI, Ettore. La poesia musicale italiana del secolo XIV, Palermo: Palumbo, 1944, p. 50.
6. REANEY, Gilbert. 'Voices and instruments in the music of Guillaume de Machaut', Revue belge de musicologie, X (1956), p. 102.
7. AGENO, Franca. 'Rime estravaganti del Sacchetti', Lettere italiane, XIII (1961), pp. 8-10.
8. MARTINEZ, Marie L. Die Musik des frühen Trecento, Tutzing: Hans Schneider, 1963. Münchener Veröffentlichungen zur Musikgeschichte 9.
9. FELLIN, Eugene C. A Study of Superius Variants in the Sources of Italian Trecento Music: Madrigals and Cacce, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin: 1970, passim.
10. FISCHER, Kurt von. 'Zum Wort-Ton Problem in der Musik des italienischen Trecento', Festschrift Arnold Geering zum 70. Geburtstag, Bern-Stuttgart: P. Haupt, 1972, p. 56.
11. WESSELY, O. 'Über den Hoquetus in der Musik zu Madrigalen des Trecento', De Ratione in Musica. Festschrift Erich Schenk zum 5. Mai 1972, Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1975, pp. 15-16.
12. FELLIN, Eugene C. 'The notation-types of Trecento music', L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento IV: Certaldo 1975, 1978, pp. 211-224.
13. FISCHER, Kurt von. 'Madrigal. I. Italy, 14th Century', The New Grove, XI (1980): 461-462.
14. BENT, Margaret. 'Notation. III/3. Polyphonic mensural notation, c1260-1500', The New Grove, XIII (1980): 362-370.
15. D'ACCONE, Frank. 'Una nuova fonte dell' "Ars nova" italiana: il codice di San Lorenzo, 2111', Studi Musicali, XIII (1984): 3-31.
16. GALLO, F. Alberto. 'The musical and literary tradition of 14th century poetry set to music', Musik und Text in der Mehrstimmigkeit des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts, edited by U. Günther and L. Finscher, Kassel: Bärenreiter: 1984, pp. 55-76.
17. ZIINO, Agostino. 'Ripetizioni di sillabe e parole nella musica profana italiana del Trecento e del primo Quattrocento', Musik und Text in der Mehrstimmigkeit des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts, Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1984, pp. 93-120.
18. NADAS, John. 'Editorial practices in early Quattrocento Florentine anthologies of secular polyphony', L'Ars nova italiana del Trecento VI: Certaldo 1984, Certaldo: Centro di Studio L'ars nova italiana, 1992.


Two Gentlemen of Verona, Ensemble of the Fourteenth Century, directed by John Griffiths and John Stinson (1987): Move MC 3091.


Agnel son bianco, e vo' belando, bF.
e per ingiuria di capra superba
belar convegno, e perdo un boccon d'erba.

Il danno F di colui, i' dico in fF.
che grasso mi de' aver con lana bionda.
se capra turba che non m'abbi tonda.

Or non so bene che di me sera.
ma pur giusto signor men mal vorra.


I am a white lamb and go bleating, baa!
Obliged by the insults of an overbearing goat
to bleat and lose a mouthful of grass.

His is the loss, I say in truth.
who should have me fattened and with fair wool.
if the goat so disturbs things that he may not have me shorn.

Now I cannot well say what will happen.
but surely a just lord will want less wickedness.

Text revision and translation © Giovanni Carsaniga

Content Approved by: MMDB Director
Last updated: Wednesday, 19 March 2003

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